MENHIRS...the foreground one is shaped unusually. Wonder why ?

MENHIRS...the foreground one is shaped unusually. Wonder why ?

The word megalith has stemmed from the merger of two Greek terms of "mega" meaning large and "lithic" signifying stone.

Presently the megalithic tribes of India use various structures of stone as burials or memorials of the dead. However in the past megaliths were not only sepulchral/funerary structures but were also used both as memorials of the dead and to commemorate various events of the family and that of the community. Megaliths were found even to be used as boundary markers and also as astronomical structures.

Each passing day numerous ancient megaliths get destroyed in India and we have no record of this disaster. It is sad that no government agencies like the ASI, the State Archaeological Depts and the District Administrations demonstrate any interest in their protection perhaps for their tribal origin and also possibly because megaliths to them do not appear to be significant relics of our land.

In actuality prehistoric megaliths are a significant source of our ancient history and their preservation is imperative as these monuments are evidences that India was indeed a land of the tribals in hoary times. A few of them however suggests that astronomy and geometry was known to the megalithic tribals millennias prior to the emergence of the Brahmanical astronomer/mathematicians. Obliteration of prehistoric megaliths is bound to erase this verity.

To view a few photographs of megaliths of India visit:

The photographs and essays from this website may be used for research purposes giving credit to it.

Come let’s celebrate megaliths…



Tuesday, 14 February 2017

The megalithic site of Hire Benekal

Credit: Vikhar Ahmed Sayeed. Frontline.

A ruined megalithic tomb in Hirebenekal.

  50 kilometres from the monuments of Hampi, is a large and diverse Megalithic site. Called Hirebenakal after a village at the foot of the hill on top of which it sits in splendid solitude, it is close to the left bank of the Tungabhadra river.   Hirebenakal is an important site for archaeologists and anthropologists trying to uncover the mysteries of the lives of our ancestors as they made the transition from the Neolithic Age (New Stone Age) to the Iron Age. Megaliths, structures built with large stones, are present all over the world. 

      Stonehenge in the United Kingdom is perhaps the most famous Megalithic site of the wrold. Megaliths have existed from the Mesolithic (Middle Stone Age) period and through the Neolithic period. Indian megaliths, on the other hand, “...generally belong to the Iron Age and are largely sepulchral in nature”, according to a paper, “The Archaeology of the Megaliths in India: 1947-1997”, by R.K. Mohanty (of Deccan College, Pune) and V. Selvakumar (of Tamil University, Thanjavur).  Hirebenakal is also a large burial site. 

       Philip Meadows Taylor, the early British expert on Indian megaliths, in 1835 wrote about “Hire Benakal” in Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society  when he was in the service of the Nizam of Hyderabad State. Further work on the megaliths of the site was done by Captain Leonard Munn, who published his findings in The Journal Hyderabad Geological Survey in 1934. But it was only in the post-Independence period that systematic work on megaliths in India was undertaken, after Sir Mortimer Wheeler, famously associated with the excavations at the Indus Valley site, gave a definite impetus to the work of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) as its Director between 1944 and 1948.

Tuesday, 3 January 2017

"Vigyan Pragati" features article on Punkri Burwdih Megaliths by Abhishek Mishra

Noted sci fi author Abhishek Mishra and I stand in front of a menhir in Punkri Burwadih.


Vigyan Pragati, the leading Hindi science magazine of India features the noted science fiction writer Abhishek Mishra's write up on Punkri Burwadih megaliths. 

He visited the site many a times along with me to get a grasp of the prehistoric monument and was soon fascinated by the skill of the ancient megalithic folks on astronomy and mathematics at a time when they were not supposed to be cognizant of.

Friday, 30 December 2016

The interview...


Wednesday, 26 October 2016

A Brief Study of Cupules of a Few Megalithic Sites in Jharkhand

My current paper on cupules of a few megalithic sites in the state of Jharkhand which also deals with the largest cupule site of Jharkhand:

Tuesday, 25 October 2016


MEGALITHS OF MUDUMAL. Source: Mumbai Mirror.

An enormous megalithic site comprising of around 80 tall menhirs having a height between 12 and 14 feet and 2000 small alignment stones spread to about 80 acres of land has been discovered in Mudumal in Telengana.  

Dr. K.Pulla Rao who has been researching on this site for over the last eleven years stated that the largest concentration of the menhirs was in the middle. There is no doubt that this site site can easily claim to be largest megalithic site with so many menhirs.

Archaeologists trust the site is indeed  an astronomical observatory and can date back to 5000 BC. One square stone is believed to comprise cupmarks denoting the Ursa Major.
Sources of Telengana Archaeology Dept say that a team of Archaeologists from Korea would soon be visiting the site.

Source: P.Pavan. Mumbai Mirror Oct 14 2016.


Megaliths of Mizoram:

Blog on Brahmagiri megaliths:

First ever song composed on a megalith in India. Rajat Chandra sings on the fascinating megaliths of Punkri Birwadih:

Megalithic burials of the dolmen kind of Andhra Pradesh:

Rare megalithic sites discovered in Chattisgarh:

More than 200 megalithic sites found in Dhamtari and Mahasamund districts of Chattisgarh. Visit: