Credit: Manonmani Pudhuezuthu

The word megalith has stemmed from the merger of two Greek terms of "mega" meaning large and "lithic" signifying stone.

Presently the megalithic tribes of India use various structures of stone as burials or memorials of the dead. However in the past megaliths were not only sepulchral/funerary structures but were also used both as memorials of the dead and to commemorate various events of the family and that of the community. Megaliths were found even to be used as boundary markers and also as astronomical structures.

Each passing day numerous ancient megaliths get destroyed in India and we have no record of this disaster. It is sad that no government agencies like the ASI, the State Archaeological Depts and the District Administrations demonstrate any interest in their protection perhaps for their tribal origin and also possibly because megaliths to them do not appear to be significant relics of our land.

In actuality prehistoric megaliths are a significant source of our ancient history and their preservation is imperative as these monuments are evidences that India was indeed a land of the tribals in hoary times. A few of them however suggests that astronomy and geometry was known to the megalithic tribals millennias prior to the emergence of the Brahmanical astronomer/mathematicians. Obliteration of prehistoric megaliths is bound to erase this verity.

To view a few photographs of megaliths of India visit:

The photographs and essays from this website may be used for research purposes giving credit to it.

Come let’s celebrate megaliths…





Hazaribagh is home to a fascinating array of megaliths; majority of which is the author's discovery
The monuments have although not yet been dated could very well go back to the Chalcolithic period. 

The author has found that the one aspect that makes Hazaribagh megalithic complexes stand different from rest of such sites in the country are the various sized stone triangles  within them. 

But what purpose did these triangles really serve that are found to have been implanted within the premises of the megalithic sites ? 
Were these stone triangles functioning as props of some rituals ? 
Triangles according to the pre-Aryan tantra is symbolical of the human genitals which suggests that their vertexes towards the sky is representative of the male phallus while the upturned triangle is representative of the female vulva.

All these megaliths are the author's study sites. Research has shown him that several triangles within them have been found by him to be oriented towards the major cardinal points and the sunrises of the Equinox and the Winter and the Summer Solstices and even towards towards significant hills in the landscape. Therefore a several of these triangles apart from being fertility icons may also have been performing as pointer stones.

Below I present a few of  such megaliths which house these stone triangles:

The Pacahi Baba megalith. 

This megalith is still worshipped. Note the site has one tiny triangle in the foreground and the other stone in the background has a triangular tip .

This larger pointer stone of the Chano megalithic site has a triangular tip that points towards the Kanhari Hill in the landscape.

The two triangles in Chano marked A & B and the larger pointer stone with triangular tip marked as C. The smallest triangle A points towards the Winter Solstice sunrise while the triangular tip of the largest stone C points towards the Kanhari Hill in the landscape.

LATI. The Lati megalithic burial has only one triangle amidst it--the one above. It points towards the Winter Solstice sunrise. 

This triangular stone in Birbir is aligned towards the Due East

The triangle inside the Birbir megaliths is aligned towards the Due East and on Equinox mornings the pointed tip of the triangle can be seen pointing towards the rising sun.

The Banadag Stone Circle above has two triangles in its center

The Purni Mandar megalithic burial too has a stone with triangular tip similar to that of Chano and the Pacahi Baba. The pointer indicates the Winter Solstice sunrise.

The triangle inside the Amanari megalithic burial site has close similarity with the triangle of Lati. 

This triangle is the largest stone of a megalithic site near the village of Rola. The triangle points towards the Summer Solstice sunrise.


It indeed is strange and it is rightly you have observed the presence of the triangles in the megaliths.

Sri. Das,
congrats on this very nice compilation.
You website is also well laid out.
While this effort is commendable, pls do not stop with this.
Bring it out as a book and explain therein as to why they shld be maintained and should not be destroyed.

otherwise mindless people will destroy these megalith sites.

a book will come in handy for other to maintain them in their respective locations.

You may visit our website to know of the range of work we are doing and the books that we have published on the knowledge of India.

Once again congrats on your work.

Among the many things these tell us, they also tell us, our tribals if anything, were not dumb as some make it sound.
They related to nature well. Tried to understand nature and live with nature.
Astronomy and these megaliths are just, one part of this knowledge.

These enhance our respect for the simple native people of this world.
hari dk

first .i would like to thanks to the gr8 scholar of scholars sir Subhashis Das...sir as i think stone triangles r something like a secret code or aparatus made by some extraterrestrial...when they were here.....i saw a episode of the ancient aliens and the secret code...

may b it is something like that...thanks sir

A Big Hello to Subhashis Das

Congratulations on putting together this impressive web site about megaliths in India. As you know, I have been studying similar subjects in Britain, Ireland and across the Continent of Europe for some 30 years. I have recently edited a volume on the Archaeology of Earth Mother Sites and Sanctuaries through the Ages and produced several conference papers, for instance on triangular megaliths with cupmarks.

Great to hear from you Terence.
Thank you on the appreciation. It was also wonderful to hear of your editing of such a grand volume. I would really like to read a few papers on your research on the triangular megaliths and cupmarks. Is it available anywhere in the net which I could read ?

Have you seen my post on the cupmarks?

If not, this is the link :

As regards to the book it should be hopefully out by next year.

Love and regards

Hello Subhashis

The book referred to is out now, published by B.A.R. of Oxford. It is very expensive, but I could send extracts at a later date. When is yours being published--the one for which I wrote an article that you used as an introduction?

The symbolism of triangular stones and megaliths continues to amaze me. I found another in July that has a cupmark ground into its apex--it is in Sardinia. Terence

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Blog on Brahmagiri megaliths:

First ever song composed on a megalith in India. Rajat Chandra sings on the fascinating megaliths of Punkri Birwadih:

Megalithic burials of the dolmen kind of Andhra Pradesh:

Rare megalithic sites discovered in Chattisgarh:

More than 200 megalithic sites found in Dhamtari and Mahasamund districts of Chattisgarh. Visit: